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Filing a Plantar Fasciitis VA Claim: A Step-by-Step Guide

Last updated: January 31, 2024

Since February 2021, plantar fasciitis has a specific Diagnostic Code under the VA, with ratings varying from 10% to 40% based on severity and whether one or both feet are affected.

Eligibility for compensation requires a current diagnosis and proof that plantar fasciitis was caused or worsened by military service. This includes medical records, service treatment records, and personal statements.

If plantar fasciitis is linked to another service-connected condition (like knee, hip, or back issues), it's possible to file for a secondary disability rating, which requires a current diagnosis and evidence of a link to the primary condition.

Claims are filed using VA Form 21-526, requiring detailed information about your service, medical history, and the relationship of your condition to your military service.[1]

If the initial VA decision is unfavorable or the rating is disputed, veterans can request a decision review or file an appeal.[2]

If you're a veteran dealing with the persistent, often debilitating heel pain of plantar fasciitis, you know it's more than just a discomfort—it's a challenge that can impact every step you take. This condition, common among veterans, can arise from the rigorous physical demands of military service, leaving a lasting imprint on your daily life. Recognizing the unique struggles that come with this condition, the VA has outlined specific criteria for those seeking compensation. 

In this guide, we simplify the process of filing a plantar fasciitis VA claim. This is aimed at helping you smoothly get through the process and obtain the support you're entitled to for your service-related plantar fasciitis. Let's start this journey to a successful plantar fasciitis VA claim.

1. Understand the VA Rating for Plantar Fascitis

Plantar fasciitis, a common foot condition among veterans, has been recognized by the VA with a specific Diagnostic Code since February 2021. The VA's rating for this condition varies based on its impact and severity:

  • Rating Levels: The ratings range from 10% to 40%, reflecting the varying degrees of disability and pain experienced by veterans.
  • Severity and Impact: The rating is determined by how severely plantar fasciitis affects a veteran. It takes into account factors like pain intensity, frequency, and how it limits daily activities.
  • Bilateral vs. Unilateral Impact: The ratings differ if one foot (unilateral) or both feet (bilateral) are affected. Bilateral cases usually receive a higher rating due to the increased disability.
  • 40% Rating: This is the highest rating and is reserved for severe cases where there is an actual loss of use of the foot. This implies a significant limitation in mobility and functionality.

2. Checking Eligibility and Gathering Evidence

Fast Facts

It's essential to document how plantar fasciitis affects your daily activities and work, as this can significantly influence the VA's assessment of your claim's validity and the disability rating.

Eligibility for compensation due to plantar fasciitis requires a clear link between the condition and military service. Here's what you need to know:

  • Current Diagnosis: You must have a current diagnosis of plantar fasciitis, confirmed by a general physician or a podiatrist.
  • Link to Service: Evidence must demonstrate that plantar fasciitis was caused or aggravated by an in-service event, injury, or condition.
  • Types of Evidence:
    • Medical Records: These should show a diagnosis of plantar fasciitis and detail the treatment and progression of the condition.
    • Service Treatment Records: These records can establish a direct connection between your military service and the development of plantar fasciitis.
    • Supporting Statements: Personal statements, buddy letters, or statements from family members can support your claim by providing additional context about how your service contributed to your condition.
  • Documenting Impact: It's also crucial to document how plantar fasciitis affects your daily life, such as limitations in walking, standing, or performing work-related tasks.

3. Establishing Secondary Service Connection

Secondary Service Connection for Plantar Fasciitis involves claiming that your condition is a result or has worsened due to another ailment that is already recognized as service-connected. This is a crucial route for veterans whose plantar fasciitis might not have been directly caused by their military service but is linked to other service-related injuries or conditions, such as issues with the knee, hip, or back.

To successfully claim a secondary service connection, you need to establish a clear link between your plantar fasciitis and the primary service-connected disability:

  • Current Diagnosis: Firstly, ensure you have a current and documented diagnosis of plantar fasciitis from a certified healthcare professional.
  • Linking Evidence: You must provide evidence that demonstrates a causal relationship or a significant worsening of your plantar fasciitis due to the primary service-connected condition. This can include medical records showing the progression of both conditions and expert opinions or medical literature supporting the connection.
  • Medical Nexus: A statement from a medical professional, often referred to as a "nexus letter", is essential. This letter should clearly articulate the connection between your plantar fasciitis and the primary service-related condition.

4. Filing the Claim

When you're ready to file your plantar fasciitis VA claim, you'll use VA Form 21-526, the Application for Disability Compensation and Related Compensation Benefits. Here's how to approach it:

  • Gather Your Documents: Before filling out the form, ensure you have all the necessary documents, including your diagnosis and any evidence that supports the service connection of your plantar fasciitis. This might include medical records, service treatment records, and statements or letters from healthcare providers.
  • Filling Out the Form: VA Form 21-526 is comprehensive and requires detailed information about your service, medical history, and how your condition relates to your time in the military. Take your time to fill it out accurately.[1]
  • Submitting the Form: You have multiple options for submission.
  • Online: The VA's eBenefits platform allows for electronic submission.
  • By Mail: You can mail your completed form and supporting documents to the appropriate VA office.
  • In Person: If you prefer, you can submit your form and documents at a VA office near you. This can also be an opportunity to seek assistance or clarification in person.

5. Compensation and Pension (C&P) Exams

Fast Facts

The C&P exam is a crucial part of the claim process, assessing the severity of plantar fasciitis and its service connection.

After filing your claim, the VA may require a Compensation and Pension (C&P) exam to evaluate the extent of your plantar fasciitis and its connection to your military service. Here's what to expect:

  • Purpose of the Exam: The C&P exam helps the VA to understand the severity of your condition, confirm the diagnosis, and establish a service connection. It's an essential part of the decision-making process for your claim.
  • Preparation for the Exam: Be ready to discuss in detail how plantar fasciitis affects your daily life, including any limitations in mobility, pain levels, and how it impacts your ability to work or perform daily activities.
  • During the Exam: The examiner may ask you about your military service, medical history, and specifics about your plantar fasciitis symptoms. They might also perform a physical examination of your feet. Be honest and thorough in your responses.
  • Post-Exam Process: After the exam, the examiner will write a report that includes their findings and an opinion on whether your plantar fasciitis is connected to your service. This report is crucial in determining the outcome of your claim.

6. Review and Appeal Process

In the review and appeal process following a Compensation and Pension (C&P) exam, the VA's decision is crucial. If the decision is unfavorable or you disagree with the assigned rating, there are avenues for recourse. You can request a decision review or file an appeal, which is an opportunity to contest the VA's ruling. During this phase, it's important to thoroughly review the examiner's report, as it contains the rationale behind the VA's decision. If there are discrepancies or new evidence that could support your case, gathering and presenting this information is critical.[2]

This process can be complex, requiring careful attention to detail and often necessitating additional documentation or medical opinions to bolster your claim. The goal in this phase is to present a compelling case for reevaluation, highlighting any overlooked or new evidence that demonstrates the extent of your disability and its connection to your service.

Conclusion: Stepping Forward with Confidence

Successfully navigating a plantar fasciitis VA claim may seem daunting, but with the right guidance, it becomes a manageable journey. From understanding the VA's rating system to gathering the necessary evidence and navigating the review and appeal process, this guide has equipped you with the crucial steps to confidently approach your claim. With patience, thoroughness, and persistence, you can secure the recognition and support you deserve for your service-connected condition. Remember, your dedication to this process is a testament to your resilience and commitment to securing a better quality of life.

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Chloe Powers
Chloe works with policymakers on behalf of Disability Help to support their work at a strategic level, ensuring the conditions are in place for creative individuals and organizations to grow, reach their potential and effect relevant, sustainable change.
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