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What Causes Developmental Disabilities?

Last updated: May 8, 2023

Many people who live with a disability face challenges every day, but they often find ways to adapt their lives to continue doing the things they love. A disability is a condition that affects someone’s potential to do everyday activities. Some people have physical disabilities, while others have mental or intellectual disabilities.

People with disabilities may need special equipment or assistance to complete tasks and participate in daily life. Types of disabilities include mobility impairments, sensory impairments, developmental disorders, and chronic conditions such as heart disease, cancer, diabetes, and arthritis. 

Developmental Disabilities

The disabilities that affect a person's development from birth, early childhood, or at any time of their life, tying the person to lifelong supervision because they cannot care for themselves without assistance are developmental disabilities.

People with developmental disabilities have different needs and abilities; no two people will have precisely the same disability or require the same services and support to lead productive lives at home, school, work, and communities.


A variety of factors can cause developmental disabilities. Some common causes include genetic disorders, prenatal injury or exposure to toxins during pregnancy, and infections while a baby is still in the womb. There are many other causes as well, including accidents and injuries later in life.

There are also environmental factors that can contribute to the development of a disability, such as lack of oxygen at birth or premature birth. In addition, there is some evidence that suggests emotional trauma in early childhood may lead to developmental disabilities.

Affect Of Developmental Disabilities

The effects of developmental disabilities can be both physical and mental. They include but aren't limited to problems with communication skills, social interactions, behavior patterns, and motor skills. These issues may affect your child's ability to learn in school or hold down a job as an adult.

There is no cure for developmental disabilities, but treatments are available that help people with these conditions live their lives. With time, it becomes difficult for people with developmental disabilities to function on their own.

There is no single cause for most types of developmental disabilities. Instead, many different things seem to contribute together over time to affect a child’s development before and after birth.

To learn more about disabilities and how they affect people’s life, visit us at www.njddc.org.


What are the five developmental disabilities?

The 5 developmental disabilities recognized worldwide are intellectual disability, cerebral palsy, autism spectrum disorder, behavioral disorder, and fetal alcohol syndrome.

What is the most common developmental disability?

Intellectual disability is considered to be the most common developmental disability. It affects so many people around the globe, and sadly, there is no cure for this disability anywhere. The living situation of the affected person can only be improved by support and hope.

If you want to learn more about developmental disabilities, visit our article about what are the five developmental disabilities to know more.

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