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What Are The Long Term Disability Requirements?

Last updated: November 19, 2023

Long Term Disability (LTD) Insurance is a type of coverage that provides income replacement for individuals who cannot work for a prolonged period due to illness, injury, or disability. Unlike Short Term Disability Insurance, LTD kicks in after an extended period, usually after six months or more, and can last for several years or until the disability ends.

Why is Long Term Disability Insurance Important?

This plays a critical role in protecting your income, particularly if you're in a line of work where you're susceptible to injuries or if you've a chronic illness. It's a safety net that ensures that you and your family can maintain a decent standard of living even if you're unable to earn due to a disability.

The Requirements for Long Term Disability Insurance

Medical Eligibility

Types of Conditions Covered

A wide array of physical and mental conditions can be covered under LTD insurance. These range from severe physical injuries and chronic illnesses like heart disease and cancer to mental health conditions such as depression or anxiety disorders. However, it's important to note that the specific conditions covered can vary from policy to policy.

Verification Process

Before your LTD insurance coverage kicks in, there is typically a verification process to ensure that your condition meets the policy's definition of a disability. This can involve providing medical records, undergoing physical exams, and sometimes, repeated evaluations to confirm the continued existence of the disability.

Work History Requirement

Evaluation of Job Role

The policy provider will evaluate your job role to establish if your disability prevents you from performing your duties. Some policies distinguish between being unable to perform your own occupation and any occupation, which can affect your eligibility and benefits.

Previous Work Experience

Some policies require a certain length of work history or a certain level of earnings to be eligible for LTD benefits. This often links to the "recent work test" or the "duration of work test" that some insurers use.

Financial Requirements

Earnings Record

To qualify for certain LTD policies, you might need to show an earnings record or proof of income. The policy might also set a minimum earnings level to qualify for coverage.

Payment Procedures

When you meet the criteria, your benefit payment procedure starts. Payment is usually a percentage of your earnings up to a maximum limit. It's important to understand how the insurer calculates this and how often payments will be made.

Common Mistakes to Avoid

There are several common pitfalls to avoid when applying for LTD coverage, such as not understanding the policy terms, neglecting to disclose full medical history, or not considering potential future income growth. Understanding these can make the difference between a successful claim and a rejected one.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What conditions are commonly covered under LTD?

LTD insurance typically covers a broad spectrum of physical and mental conditions, including severe injuries, heart disease, cancer, musculoskeletal and neurological disorders, and mental health issues. The exact conditions covered vary by policy.

2. When do LTD benefits start?

LTD benefits begin after an "elimination period", usually 90 to 180 days from the onset of the disability. The exact duration depends on the specific policy.

3. What's the difference between 'own occupation' and 'any occupation' in LTD?

'Own occupation' means you're disabled if you can't perform your specific job due to your disability. 'Any occupation' considers you disabled if you cannot work any job suited to your education and experience. 'Own occupation' policies are generally more expensive but provide wider coverage.

4. Do LTD policies need proof of income?

Yes, most LTD policies require income proof to establish your earnings and determine potential benefits. The exact requirements can differ among insurance companies.

5. How frequently are LTD benefits paid?

LTD insurance benefits are usually paid monthly, but the exact timing can depend on your policy's terms and conditions.


Long term disability insurance is a crucial safety net for protecting your income. Understanding the requirements and terms of your LTD insurance is crucial for peace of mind and financial stability. While it may seem daunting, with the right information and preparation, navigating these requirements can be a manageable process.

If you’re keen on finding out more about alternatives to long-term disability insurance, read through our blogs at Disability Help today.

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An expert to the field of Social Justice, Victor formed Disability Help to connect ideas and expertise from the US with rising global cultural leadership, building networks, fostering collaboration, long-term results, mutual benefit, and more extensive international perception.
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